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Argentina (/ˌɑːrdʒənˈtiːnə/ ( listen); Spanish: [aɾxenˈtina]), officially the Argentine Republic[A] (Spanish: República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with its neighbor Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km² (1,073,500 sq mi),[B] Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the second largest in Latin America, and the largest Spanish-speaking nation. It is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Spanish: Capital Federal) as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas), and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

Uruguay Falkland Islands Islas Apipé Paraguay Bolivia South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Peru Chile Colombia Suriname Guyana Ecuador France Venezuela Norway Costa Rica Pitcairn Islands Panama Trinidad and Tobago Grenada Brazil Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Barbados Saint Lucia Dominica Nicaragua Jinotega Montserrat Antigua and Barbuda Saint Kitts and Nevis